Writing Travel Management Policy – Geographical Regions


This aims to give information on the geographical regions in Asia Pacific, with a HR practitioner who has to craft out a company travel policy in mind.

Parts of Asia Pacific Region

The following table is adopted from the State of the Environment in Asia and the Pacific Report published by United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP) and Asian Development Bank (ADB) in year 2000.

The Asia-Pacific region is divided into five sub-regions as follows:

CENTRAL ASIA Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
NORTH EAST ASIA China, Japan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Korea,

Russian Federation, Mongolia

SOUTH ASIA Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey
SOUTH EAST ASIA Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Viet Nam
PACIFIC Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu
Note: China includes Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions and Taiwan Province of China.

Tips for Writing the Policy

Tip 1: You only need to include countries where you are frequently doing business with or countries where you plan to expand your business for example:

South East Asia (SEA) – Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, South Vietnam,   Malaysia (You will notice that I have left out Brunei, Cambodia, Myanmar Laos, Timor-Leste and so on)

Tip 2: You can add lone countries to a region. An example is:

East Asia and India (EAI) – Philippines, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Macau, North Vietnam and India

Tip 3: You can use ROW to denote the Rest of the World

Tip 4: It is useful to know what are the airlines, airports and air routes that your company uses regularly.

Airport hubs (hub airports) are world airports being used as hubs. Airline hubs (airline hub cities) are airports that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. It is part of a hub and spoke model, where travelers moving between airports not served by direct flights change planes en route to their destinations. This is as opposed to the Point to Point model. Many hubs of the airlines are also situated at airports in the cities of the respective head offices (Source: Wikipedia).

An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers arriving from other countries. Many international airports also serve as hubs, or places where non-direct flights may land and passengers switch planes. A domestic airport is an airport that handles only domestic flights—flights within the same country. Domestic airports do not have customs and immigration facilities and so can’t handle flights to or from a foreign airport (Source: Wikipedia).

Air route map shows the flight routes of the major cities of the world.

Straightening Out Confusions

Arabian Peninsula There are 7 countries that make up the Arabian Peninsula and they include: Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen and Saudi Arabia.
Asia The most commonly accepted boundaries place Asia to the east of the Suez Canal, the Ural River, and the Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus Mountains (or the Kuma–Manych Depression) and the Caspian and Black Seas. It is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean.(Source: Wikipedia)
Australasia region of Oceania, comprises AustraliaNew Zealand, the island of New Guinea, and neighboring islands in the Pacific Ocean. (Source: Wikipedia)
East Asia China, Hong Kong, Macau, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, Taiwan
EAFE Europe, Australasia, Far East
EMEA Europe. Middle East, Africa
Eurasia  This is the combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia
Far Asia This refers to the countries in the East Asia and South East Asia regions.
MENA Middle East and North Africa
Middle East (South West Asia) This is a region that roughly encompasses a majority of Western Asia (excluding the Caucasus) and Egypt. (Source: Wikipedia)


It comprises of Bahrain, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arabs Emirates, Yemen

NAWA North Africa West Asia
Near East This refers to the countries near the east end of the Mediterranean, generally thought to include Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the other countries of the Arabian Peninsula. Egypt and Sudan in northeast Africa are sometimes considered part of the region.
North Asia (Northern Asia) This is the Asian portion of Russia. It lies to the east of the Ural Mountains.
Oceanica or Oceania Oceania comprises of the sub-regions  Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia (Source: Wikipedia)
WANA West Asia and North Africa
West Asia (Western Asia) This refers to the region of Middle East and Near East. It is located directly south of Eastern Europe. The region is surrounded by seven major seas; the Aegean Sea, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea, the Red Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.


The countries are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen

Western Eurasia This refers to the region of Europe and Western Asia (Source: Wikipedia)


Overview of the Asia Pacific Region


What Is “Asia”? by Philip Bowring (from the February 12, 1987 issue of the Far Eastern Economic Review (v. 135 n.7))











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